Ever wonder how your body tells itself to warm up when you’re cold? This cone-shaped part of the brain, called the hypothalamus, helps keep the temperature of your body steady. It keeps it in homeostasis. That is a state of balance of your internal processes. To keep this state, it deals with both the nervous system and the endocrine system, and also the pituitary gland.
Where is it Located?
Its Function and Related Hormones
To keep balance, this gland first gets input from the nervous system. It then sends signals to the endocrine system. It keeps a lot of things under control: hunger, body temperature, growth, sleep rhythms, and other things.
Here is a list of the major hormones released by the hypothalamus:
- Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH): has to do with the adrenal glands.
- Thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH): has to do with the thyroid.
- Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH): has to do with keeping reproductive functions in check.
- Growth hormone releasing hormone: causes you to produce growth hormone.
- Somatostatin: stops other glands from making certain hormones.
- Oxytocin: involved with birth. It also builds trust among people. It can even forge bonds between you and your dog! So next time you look into your pet’s eyes, know that oxytocin is being released at the same time.