Monera Kingdom (Moneran)
The Monera Kingdom (or Moneran Kingdom) includes all organisms that have cells that do not contain a nucleus. These cells are also known as prokaryotic cells. These organisms are very simple and are usually only as big as one cell! They are very common on earth and you interact with organisms in this kingdom every day.
What Do They Look Like
The majority of organisms in the Monera kingdom are bacteria. So when you hear someone say “Monera Kingdom” they probably are talking about bacteria. These organisms are very, very small and simple.
They do not contain common cell organelles you would find in a plant or animal cell. For instance, you will not find the mitochondria or endoplasmic reticulum in a bacteria cell. Also, monera do not have a nucleus, instead the DNA floats around inside the cell wall.
Imagine that you have a bowl of vegetable soup. The bowl holds all the soup together and the vegetables are free to float around in the bowl how they want. This is what a bacteria organism looks like. The bowl is the cell wall and the vegetables are the DNA inside the cell wall.
Monera (Moneran) Classification
Where Can You Find Them
How Do They Reproduce
If these organisms are so common in everyday life, how do they reproduce? Because these organisms are very simple they do not have legs to walk or fins to swim. In fact only a few of them have flagella to move. Flagella are tiny tails on the end of the cell that whip back and forth to help the organism move. The organisms without flagella cannot move on their own.
Because they struggle to move, organisms in the Monera kingdom replicate thru fission. Fission is a process in which the cell copies its own DNA and splits into two identical cells all by itself. Some organisms do this every 30 minutes! Imagine if you could make your very own clone all by yourself!