The chloroplast organelle is the main food producer for plant cells. Chloroplast contains chlorophyll, which is a molecule that uses light energy to turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen (also known as photosynthesis). The chlorophyll inside the plant cell is what causes most plants to be green.
Unlike animal cells, plant cells can create their own food. This is because plant cells contain an organelle in which animal cells do not have. This organelle’s name is chloroplast.
Within an individual plant cell, there are multiple chloroplast organelles all working together to produce food for the cell. Within each one of these chloroplasts, there are lots of chlorophyll molecules, who are the real workers producing the food for the cell.
These chlorophyll molecules produce food by a process called photosynthesis. Photosynthesis takes light energy (typically from the sun) to turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and oxygen (also known as plant food).
When you look at a plant, what color do you most often see? What makes plants green? A chloroplast a small pill-shaped organelle found only in plants. Chloroplasts are green because they are filled with a green pigment, or a chemical called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is used by a plant to capture energy from the sun, which can later be used to create food.
Did you know?
Even though chloroplasts are very small, they can be seen from outer space. Chloroplasts are what help to give the Earth a green color.