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House Sparrow

About House Sparrow

Small, short-legged bird with stout, conical bill. Summer male has rich brown upperparts streaked with black; gray crown, white cheeks and black eyestripe, chin and bib; blackish-brown primaries and tail feathers with pale edges; narrow white wingbar; grayish-white underparts. Bill black in summer, yellowish-brown in winter when plumage is a duller brown. Female paler, more yellow-brown, with no black bib or eyestripe, pale brown legs; light brown eyes.

They breed mainly in the spring. They build a dome nest made up of dry grass, usually in holes in walls. The female can lay up to 6 eggs at a time, and these birds can raise up to three broods a year.

The House Sparrow is among the world’s most successful birds. They thrive around humans, and thus have spread throughout the world wherever people live. In 1852, the House Sparrow was brought to America. It quickly spread across the country. In 1862, it was introduced to Australia and it did just as well as it spread throughout the country wherever there were people. The House Sparrow does not often stray too far away from buildings. They are very adaptable birds. They have been found living in coal mines and even skyscrapers.