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Helmeted Guinea Fowl

About Helmeted Guinea Fowl

Medium sized gamebird with a very small head bearing a large, bony, brownish casque (the helmet) and a bulky, squarish body. Feathers are blackish gray with rows of white spots and streaks; head and most of neck bare, blue or white; hair-like feathers on hind neck black; fleshy pad at base of mainly brownish bill and hanging skin wattles red and blue; tuft of white bristles over nostrils in two races.

Its nest is a scrape on the ground lined with grass and feathers in long grass. The nests are sometimes shared by two females. They lay 6-12, sometimes up to 20 eggs, but this is rare. The eggs are cream or buff eggs, speckled with brown and white. The eggs are incubated by the female for 24-28 days.

This is the largest and most widespread and abundant of the guinea fowl species. This bird lives in pairs while in breeding season, but after breeding they go into their flocks.