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Golden Eagle

About Golden Eagle

A very large, powerful brown eagle with golden or tawny tinge over its crown and nape, a square, faintly barred tail, and feathered legs. Large, yellowish black bill with yellow skin at base; brown eyes; yellow legs.

The Golden Eagle breeds in late winter in south, spring to summer in north. They build a large nest of branches and twigs, lined with a leafy twigs, grasses or conifer needles, in a tree or on a cliff or high rock. They add to their nest each year, so it can grow to a huge size. The golden eagle has 1-3 white eggs, which are often spotted or blotched with brown, chestnut, and pale gray, incubated usually by the female for 43-45 days. They are taken care of by the female for the first little while and then male joins in the caretaking.

This beautiful bird is graceful and is a bird of remote wilderness regions, usually mountains and bleak moorlands, but also lowland forests and wetlands. It hunts by patrolling a huge range at a low attitude, watching out for prey and pouncing on its victims in fast, slanting dives. It spends a lot of time soaring high into the sky on updrafts, gliding across country, swooping and climbing. It can glide along without beatings it wings, but it uses deep, slow wingbeats when necessary.

Golden Eagles mate for life, and in areas where they are resident, such as Scotland, they stay in the same territory throughout the year. Pairs often eat together, and even work together to catch their prey. They use the same nests each year but they may not use it if it has been disturbed.