The Char is quite a primitive species as is also the arctic char, and they are a very beautiful, highly edible fish. The landlocked variety became this way as a result of the last Ice Age. In Britain they are found in Lake Windermere and Coniston. Some Scottish lochs also can hold char, although stocks are thought to be rapidly diminishing. On Windermer, char were caught commercially on spinner baits made out of gold sovereigns. Migratory char spend most of their year at sea, and late in the summer they return to the rivers of their births and lay their eggs.
Those fish that do not migrate spawn in the late winter or early spring, but make a short migration from the very deep water of the central lake sections to the shallow marginal banks.
They are a close relative to the Dolly Varden or bull trout, Salvelinus malma, which is found in the lakes and rivers of the northern Pacific basin. Char are also closely related to salmon.
The range of this species extends from northern California to Japan and Korea.
Migratory char are greenish silver with light blotches. Landlocked char are greeny brown with an orange red belly and yellow white spots.