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Bald Eagle

About Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle breeds in the late fall in the south, spring in the north. They pair for life. They build a large, deep nest of branches and sticks lined with grass, in a tall tree, on cliffs, or on a small island. The nest is re-used, repaired, and added to each year. They have 1-3 eggs that are white, which are incubated by the female at first, the male brings food; then both parents take care of the chicks.

The Bald Eagle is one of the fish eagles. Many of their relatives hunt exclusively at sea, but the bald eagle is more versatile. Although it prefers fish, it will catch a wide variety of live prey, it will steal food from other birds and scavenges for carrion and scraps. This allows them to live in a wide range of areas from the lakes and rivers of Canada to the dry sagebrush of Arizona.

Most of the 100,000 bald eagles live on the Pacific coast of Alaska and British Columbia, where there are fish for them to eat year round. Here they enjoy an annual feast in the fall when thousands of Pacific salmon swim upriver to spawn, and then die. Hundreds of bald eagles go into the water to gather up the dying salmon from the water and have a great feast.

At the beginning of the breeding season, pairs perform spectacular display flights, soaring high in the sky, locking talons, and diving from the sky. They will normally team up with their partners from the previous season and the aerial displays help them get re-acquainted.